Many believe that a raised bed is only for the garden. But that's not true. It is also great for the balcony. You just have to consider a few things.Raised beds are also suitable for the balcony. A raised bed is really something fine. Not just because it looks nice, but because it has so many advantages. Raised beds, for example, are much easier to process than normal beds. You no longer have to bend down and protect your back. In addition, the plants get more light because they are planted higher. On top of that, raised beds are not so quickly attacked by pests. Snails, for example, have a particularly difficult time.
The best thing is that a raised bed can be created almost anywhere. Even on the balcony. Yes, even if you live in a rented apartment and can only use a balcony, you don't have to do without a raised bed. You only have to consider a few things when creating, because the raised bed may e.g. don't get as big as that in the garden. In addition, it is limited by the load capacity of the balcony. But these are by no means reasons to do without a raised bed on the balcony. You just have to know how to work around these problems.
You have to consider all this when creating
Check the load capacity of the balcony:
A raised bed on the balcony can stand both on the ground and on feet. The latter variant is always the best. Why, I explain later. It is only important that the raised bed is not too heavy for the small balcony. Therefore, you should first find out about the load-bearing capacity of your balcony and then decide how large the raised bed should be.
Prefer raised bed:
It is best to choose a raised bed that is on your feet. This saves space because you can still stow something under the raised bed. So perfect for small balconies. In addition, these raised beds do not weigh as much because they have significantly less plant substrate. And that in turn does not burden the balcony slab so much.
You don't even have to buy it. You can build a raised bed yourself. According to your own ideas and wishes. I have instructions for a failed raised bed e.g. found on Selbst.de.
Lay out filter fleece:
If you choose a raised bed that stands on the floor, then lay out a filter fleece on the floor. It replaces contact with the ground and prevents soil from being washed out when it rains. So you don't have to worry about a dirty balcony.
Layering the raised bed correctly:
Whether you choose a classic or a raised table, you have to fill it correctly. Now that does not mean earth in and ready. A raised bed always consists of several layers. According to Biogreen.de, there are 5 layers that should be structured from bottom to top:
- Pottery shards, large pebbles and woodcut as a drainage layer
- Lopping / foliage
- Manure / compost
- sieved compost or potting soil
Since the balcony raised bed is a mini version, the layers do not of course have to be as thick as in a normal raised bed.
Planting raised beds correctly:
If the raised bed is layered correctly, you can start planting. However, you also have to consider a few things here. Since you have filled the raised bed with rich compost or manure and good soil, it is now full of nutrients. You therefore need to plant heavily consuming plants in the first year. The following year then middle-eaters and the year after again weak-eaters. Here is a small overview of which types of vegetables belong to the individual groups:
|Weak Zehrer:||Means Zehrer:||Stark Zehrer:|
|Arugula, radishes, broad beans, lamb's lettuce, herbs, cress, peas||Fennel, garlic, kohlrabi, carrots, bell pepper, radish, lettuce, spinach, onions, leek, chard||Cauliflower, broccoli, savoy, zucchini, cucumber, potatoes, cabbage, melons, rhubarb, Brussels sprouts, celery, tomatoes, pumpkins, leeks|
Combine vegetables and herbs correctly:
For plants to thrive, you need to make sure you plant the right mix. Not all vegetables are compatible with each other. It is best to always plant mixtures that work very well together. Potatoes get along e.g. very good with spinach and kohlrabi. And beetroot likes neighbors like dill and onions. I found other combinations on Biogreen.de.