Juicy freshly harvested peas taste far better than the slightly colorless canned vegetables. Here, therefore, describes how you can grow peas yourself.Peas are healthy and tasty
Carrots and peas - this is still the most popular vegetable mix here in Germany. And both types of vegetables can also be grown quite easily in your own garden. Growing peas in particular is easier than you might think.
Popular varieties of the so-called marker peas, which can be found in many gardens, include Grandera, Spring, Evita and Aldermann (later variety). However, if you fall back on the Sima winter peas, you can sow them in October and harvest them in May. The cultivation of sugar peas is also becoming increasingly popular among German gardeners. No matter which variety you ultimately choose, the cultivation is actually always the same.
Since the pea usually tolerates light frost without any problems, you can sow it in the vegetable patch at the end of March and beginning of April. You should enrich the vegetable patch with compost in autumn so that the pea receives enough nutrients in spring. Then note the following when planting:
- Seed spacing: about 5 centimeters
- Depth: about 10 centimeters
- Row spacing width: 30 centimeters
You should also be careful not to plant the pea in close proximity to nightshades, other legumes, and onions. Otherwise, it gets along very well with all other vegetables.
Caring for peas properly
Peas grow almost by themselves, which means that they do not need any additional fertilizer. You can only work in a little compost around the plants in April / May.
If the spring is very dry, you have to water the peas regularly but moderately. Mildew can be largely avoided in this way.
Fighting diseases / warding off pests:
If pea mildew should come to light, you should spray plants with garlic tea.
If spring is too wet, a fungal disease (pea wilting) can also occur, which can rarely be controlled. The best way to dispose of the infected sticks is as quickly as possible. Not on organic waste because the pathogen remains active for several years.
You should not grow peas for at least 5 years in vegetable patches that are infested with wilted peas.
Repel birds / pea moths:
In addition, you can protect the small plants - very popular with birds - with a net for the first few weeks. The network often also protects the peas from being attacked by the pea wrapper. This is a small caterpillar that eats through the pods.
From June to July, you can harvest the high-fiber pea pods whole from the stick. You can recognize the ripeness of the peas by the fact that the individual peas stand out well through the pods.
After harvesting, the peas' roots should remain in the ground because they provide optimal nutrients for a late fruit, such as for subsequent sowing of winter salads (e.g. sugar loaf salad).