Tarragon is an herb that you can never plant enough in the garden. Find out here how you can easily propagate tarragon.© kolesnikovserg - Fotolia.com
Tarragon is available in three basic types: German, French and Russian tarragon. German and French tarragon taste very aromatic and are popular culinary herbs. Russian tarragon, on the other hand, has a rather bitter taste. However, it is not only used for seasoning. The young shoots can even be cooked as vegetables. So it is worth growing all three varieties in the garden.
They can even be propagated very well via cuttings. The root division is also successful. If you do not have your own tarragon plants, you can also buy young plants or germinable seeds from specialist retailers, because the removal of seeds from existing shrubs generally does not work.
Multiply tarragon by cuttings
❶ The method is simple and safe. To do this, cut off the herbaceous shoot tips in late summer, just below a leaf knot. Each cutting should have at least three to four pairs of leaves in the upper part. Defoliate the lower half completely.
❷ The cuttings must then be placed individually in small growing pots. A mixture of peat and sand or a special growing soil is suitable as a substrate. Be careful, because the shoots are thin and delicate. Therefore, pre-drill the planting hole with a pricking stick.
❸ Then insert the shoot and carefully press the soil all around. Pour on gently and then attach a cover made of transparent film over the pot. You have to air this foil every day. In addition, you must always keep the soil slightly moist.
❹ When the cuttings sprout at the top, you can see that the first roots are growing underground. Tarragon is hardy, but young plants spend the first autumn and winter better indoors. A bright, cool room works well. The film is no longer necessary. Water very moderately in winter. The earth should not dry out completely.
❺ In spring, place the plants in larger pots with normal soil. Tarragon grows well in buckets and window boxes, but can also grow outdoors. If you want to plant the young tarragon shrub in the garden, wait until around mid-May. Young tarragon plants in pots must also be protected from the last frosts.
❻ In the first year of life, the tarragon plants are still a little sensitive. Therefore, regularly remove weeds when the young shrubs grow in the bed. A support with a wooden stick is also useful.
Multiply tarragon by dividing the rhizome
The division of the rhizomes is a very straightforward process. Not only do you multiply your plants, you also ensure that the tarragon population is regularly renewed. The herb drains the soil and should change its location every four years. Of course, you can also multiply your plants more often with the root division.
❶ Dig out the plant in spring or take it out of the pot.
❷ Then divide the rhizome into several sections with a spade or a sharp knife. Each individual piece should have at least two to three buds.
❸ Now insert the sections at the new location or in prepared containers. They usually grow well and, apart from water and a nutrient-rich soil, do not require any complex maintenance. A mixture of a third of clay, compost and sand or a special soil for culinary herbs is suitable as a substrate in the pot.