Houseplants really give your own four walls that home flair. However, not every plant is suitable for every home.With a palm tree you can create an exotic atmosphere in your own four walls
Houseplants create a homely atmosphere, both visually and by improving the indoor climate. But not every type of plant fits into every apartment - just because of the conditions. Which plants prefer to stand in the sun, which shade tolerates and which do not like a lot of water - the following is a selection in which there is a candidate for each apartment.
Room palms - exotic in your own four walls
Summer, sun, South Sea dreams - you can indulge these fantasies from the sofa too, when palm trees create the right atmosphere in the living room. According to this page, however, some important points should be considered:
- Arten The right types: While mountain palm and holly remain rather small, the gold fruit palm and the Chinese hemp palm can spread their leaf fans in considerable size. The European dwarf palm and the fishtail palm impress with particularly beautiful, feathery leaf stands. From a botanical point of view, the well-known yucca palm is actually not a palm tree, but with its exotic exterior it blends perfectly into a living room palm garden.
- ➔ Temperature and location: Most palm trees like a temperature between 15-22 degrees and can't take it when the room cools down strongly at night. Exceptions are the Chinese hemp palm, which comes from the Himalayan region and is used to the cold, and the European dwarf palm. If the palm is too dark, it slows down its growth considerably. Palm trees need at least a light intensity of 1000 lux; even double for growth. If in doubt, palm lovers should install additional lighting that can consist of standard neon lights. The air humidity also plays a crucial role in the flourishing of the palm trees - it must never be too low; the fishtail palm, for example, requires up to 50 percent.
- ➔ Care: Palm trees need a lot of water - however, waterlogging in the pots must be avoided. When the top layer of earth has dried, watering is done. It is best to fertilize palm trees once a year with slow release fertilizer; otherwise a milliliter of liquid fertilizer is added to the irrigation water every 14 days. If older palm fronds die off, they should be removed to prevent pests from growing.
Orchids - flower butterflies on the windowsillOrchids come in many different types and colors
In particular, the robust type of phalaenopsis is currently available in almost every supermarket. This orchid has a particularly large number of colorful flowers and is therefore a great souvenir and accessory for the home window sill. The following must be observed when caring for them:
- A healthy plant: Healthy orchids have firm, dark green leaves that have no holes or brown spots. The leaves should not look wrinkled or limp, then the plant suffers from a lack of moisture. The color of the roots also gives an indication of the condition of the plant: ideally they are light green to dark green - white or brown roots indicate sick orchids.
- Location: The Palaenopsis likes a partially shaded location and cannot cope with strong light and high heat.
- To water: The most common mistake in orchid husbandry is the excessive watering of the plants. It is enough to water them once or twice a week, with the excess water draining off immediately. The plants love rainwater - if you can catch clean rainwater, you should let the beautiful windowsill residents benefit. Highly calcareous water must be filtered before being passed on to the orchids and the temperature of the irrigation water should be at room temperature.
- Fertilize: You can do good to your phalaenopsis with a special orchid fertilizer - but used sparingly. The resting phase of the plant should be observed and the fertilizer should only be used when a new shoot has formed. Otherwise it can happen that the plant is overwhelmed.
- repotting: Orchids can take a new pot every two years. The right bark substrate and careful handling of sensitive plants are important. If dead plant parts are removed, this should always be done with a knife - scissors would squeeze the plant cells too much.
Houseplants for dark locations
Every apartment also has corners that do not let in much light. Which plants can cope with these locations? Here is a small overview:
- The cobbler palm: The cobbler or butcher palm originally comes from China and can survive in the darkest corners. Ideally, it lives in a partially shaded spot; in direct sunlight, their leaves literally burn. The palm does not tolerate waterlogging and in winter it is good for a temperature between 10 and 12 degrees.
- Sanseveria is the name of a plant that is also known as bow hemp, bayonet plant or mother-in-law's tongue. It is very undemanding and only needs water every two to three weeks - perfect for all busy people.
- A leaf likes high humidity and doesn't need a lot of light. It is therefore the ideal greenery for a dark bathroom. In good conditions, the plant even forms decorative white inflorescences.
- The dragon tree and the Philodendron imperial (great tree lover) are evergreen and are even suitable for the shadiest places in the apartment - the hallway or the cloakroom.
- A traffic light plant like that is suitable for dark and narrow corners in the kitchen Efeutute, Vines that hang too long can easily be trimmed without the plant resenting them.
Every apartment can be beautified by the appropriate greening - however, no plant can be chosen for it. In particular, the lighting conditions must match the needs of the plant, otherwise every lovingly cared for roommate will come in. In second place are the need for water and the “green thumb” of the plant owner. People who tend to overwhelm their plants under their own stress over a longer period of time become happier with plants that forgive them or are happy not to be watered - orchids, for example. On the other hand, if you are a professional in the care, fertilization and repotting of plants, you can dare to do more sophisticated indoor plants and let your own four walls shine in a very special shine.