In order for the rosewood tree to develop its beauty, it needs a cut every now and then. We explain when and how to cut the jacaranda.© Byron Ortiz - Fotolia.com In the tropics, the rosewood tree is indispensable. The attractive plants with their fern-like foliage and the striking blue-violet bell flowers are an ornament. We also come across Jacarandas more and more often. However, these must be kept in the bucket. Therefore, cutting measures are necessary for the fast growing crop. We have put together what you need to consider when cutting the ornamental plant here.
The rosewood tree in nature
On their own, the Jacarandas reach impressive sizes between five and twenty meters. The trees grow amazingly fast. If the trunk is about two meters long, the round crown is formed. Older trees impress with their striking blue to purple panicle flowers, which literally color entire streets in southern countries. The flowers exude a delicate fragrance reminiscent of honey.
The rosewood tree in our latitudes
Some restrictions to the plant picture just described must be made. This is due not least to the fact that the rosewood tree would not survive the winter in Germany outdoors and can therefore only be kept in a bucket, which in turn must be hibernated in the house. The plant must therefore be stopped at its height.
Tip: Rosewood trees are very well tolerated by pruning.
What can I do to give the rosewood tree flowers?
It's no secret that the German hobby gardener usually has to do without the much admired jacaranda flower. If the trees are trimmed regularly, you will cut a fine figure on the balcony and terrace, but will not reach the height necessary for the flowers to form. A flower can only be expected from a height of two meters. Furthermore, the hobby gardener needs a lot of patience, because the plants only have to reach the age of about ten years before the first flowers appear.
What should you watch out for when cutting the rosewood tree?
The plants grow quickly. Pruning shears should not be used too soon. In order for the small plant to really become a stately tree, the Jacaranda must have the opportunity to form a trunk. In this regard, cutting measures are rather counterproductive in the first two years. So be patient two to three years before pruning the crops.
Cutting measures are used in the rosewood tree to work out the desired shape, in this case a well-shaped crown.
Tip: The lighter the location, the bushier the growth.
In order to create a well-shaped and bushy crown, the shoot tips should be shortened regularly. Cutting measures should preferably be carried out in early spring before the plant begins to grow.
Cutting the rosewood tree - step by step
- Shorten shoots
- Hold the scissors in the right direction
- Remove branches growing inwards
- remove old branches
- Remove crossing branches
- remove diseased branches and leaves
The regular shortening of the shoots to stimulate the growth and formation of the crown is only a cutting measure, which should be carried out regularly.
Crossing branches or shoots, which are oriented inwards, hinder the desired growth form of the tree and should therefore be shortened radically. It is also important to remove old and sick branches. These hinder the growth of the plant and can be an entry point for bacteria and pests. Old branches should be removed once a year to make room for new shoots.
A well-shaped crown as the pride of the plant
If you want to make a nice crown, you should use scissors several times a year. This is not a problem because pruning is very well tolerated by the plant. Knots that negatively affect crown formation can be shortened at any time of the year.
Tip: The rosewood tree may also be pruned during the growing season.
Cutting the rosewood tree - an overview of important steps
|What is to be considered?||explanation|
|time||If there is an extensive pruning, you should use early spring for this.|
Then the plant has not yet started to sprout and the cut is better coped with.
|topiary||To support the formation of the crown, the outer shoots should be shortened regularly.|
This stimulates the bushy growth of Jacaranda.
The formation of the shape is also disturbed by intersecting or growing branches.
|preservation section||Old and diseased branches and leaves can be removed at any time.|
In the event of illness or pest infestation, the pruning must also be carried out regardless of the season.
Hygiene and caution when cutting
Even if the rosewood tree usually tolerates pruning measures, the use of secateurs means stress for the crops and, if hygiene is not observed, also a danger. Therefore, only use sharp and disinfected tools. Sharp cut edges heal better than squashed or frayed wound edges triggered by blunt tools. In order to minimize damage to the tree, a wound closure agent can be applied to the shortened branches.
SOS - when cutting measures require quick action
Pruning ornamental plants is often not just about the beauty of the growth habit. If the plant is infected by diseases or pests, courageous intervention helps. Remove all affected parts of the plant, stop the spread of the damage and ensure the survival of the crops. It is therefore helpful to keep an eye on the trees and to check the leaves and shoots more frequently for discoloration and damage.