Cranberries are small delicious and above all healthy berries. But did you know that there are different varieties with different tastes? We present the most popular ones to you here.
© manfredkoch - Fotolia.com Cranberries are found more and more in home gardens. This is partly due to the fact that cranberries feel good both in the bed and in the tub. Therefore cranberries can also be grown on the balcony or on the terrace. In addition, cranberries are one of the more easy-care fruits. If you want to have these great fruits in the garden, you should inform yourself in advance about the different varieties, because each variety has different requirements.
Coral (Latin name: Vaccinium vitis-idaea Coral)
The coral is the most popular variety for the garden. It is hardy and relatively easy to maintain. It belongs to the ground cover plants and forms runners. The fruits of the coral captivate with their scarlet color. They taste very intense and have a long shelf life. Therefore, this variety is also often used for cooking and decorating dishes. The fruits have a high content of vitamin C and are therefore very healthy.
The coral can be recognized by the typical color of the flowers. It has light pink flowers and pure white flower clusters. These become darker over the summer until they develop a scarlet color. Flower clusters develop from May to July. The edible fruit is harvested in September.
The coral also has strong green, small oval leaves, which it does not lose even in winter. It is one of the evergreen plants.
Planting and care:
The cranberry coral needs an acidic soil, so it should be planted in a bog bed or peat bed. The plant does not grow on calcareous soil. If possible, the coral needs a half-sunny spot. If necessary, it also thrives in the shade, but then it takes a little more time to grow. The cranberry is exposed right at the beginning of spring. As soon as the ground is no longer frozen, the plant can be placed in the bed or in the tub.
The cranberry is generally one of the easy-care plants. Once you have found a place in the garden bed and used the cranberry, not much maintenance is necessary. It is important to ensure that the plants get enough water. You need plenty of water all summer to thrive. Weeds should also be removed regularly, as this could damage the plant's growth. Before the winter, the plant should be watered properly again. The pruning should also take place now, so that the plant will bear plenty of fruit again next year. No other measures are necessary for the winter, because the coral is frost-resistant down to -20 ° C.
The cranberry coral is one of the ground cover plants. It becomes 20-30 centimeters high, forms runners and grows very densely. It can reach a width of up to 80 centimeters, which should be observed especially when planting the plants. The coral grows by 5-15 centimeters annually. Although it grows very slowly, it bears a lot of fruit every year.
The taste of the coral differs from other varieties. It is rather sour and very intense in taste. Therefore, the coral is often used for cooking and baking.
Ore Mountain Pearl (Latin name: Vaccinium vitis-idaea Erzgebirgsperle)
This variety of cranberries is also a popular variety for the garden. It also grows both in the bed and in the tub. This makes the Erzgebirge pearl ideal as a container plant for the balcony or terrace. It differs from other varieties by the size and dark color of the fruit.
The Ore Mountain Pearl has dark green leaves that it shows all year round. Even the low temperatures in winter cannot harm the beautiful leaves. This variety bears dark red, round fruits. The fruits are very dense, so you can enjoy a plentiful harvest every year. The flower clusters develop from May to June and the edible fruits are harvested in September. The flowers of the Ore Mountain Pearl are light pink or white.
Planting and care:
The cranberry ore mountain pearl is released in March or April as soon as the ground has thawed. It should be planted in a bog or peat bed. This cranberry plant is easy to please. The only condition is that it is not placed on calcareous soil and gets plenty of water.
This cranberry variety is also very easy to care for. A sunny or semi-sunny place should be chosen. The plant needs a lot of water. The floor should never be dry. Before the winter, the Erzgebirge pearl is poured in again and cut to size. Then this plant can easily hibernate in bed. This variety is often chosen because it impresses with its good frost hardiness.
Like the coral, the ore mountain pearl is one of the ground-covering plants. It reaches a height of about 30 centimeters and can reach up to 80 centimeters in width. When planting, enough space should therefore be planned between the individual plants. An annual increase of 10 centimeters can be expected.
The Erzgebirge pearl tastes rather sweet, which is why it is often used as a topping on cakes. This variety is also eaten right in the garden. If you have the cranberries in your own garden, you can eat the fruits straight from the bush.
Lingonberry Red Pearl (Latin name: Vaccinium vitis-idaea Red Pearl)
The cranberry Red Pearl is more and more common in home gardens. It impresses with its strong color and great flowers. The Red Pearl is very undemanding. It only needs a lot of water to give its owner a generous harvest. Therefore, this variety is also ideal for beginners.
The Red Pearl also has strong green leaves. Even in winter, these leaves remain lush green, so you have a green oasis of wellbeing in the garden all year round. From May there are many light pink flowers that look like little bells. Until June, the Red Pearl forms its flowers, from which cherry-red fruits of about 1 centimeter in size later emerge. The delicious fruits can already be harvested in August.
Planting and care:
The cranberry Red Pearl prefers a sandy, humus rich soil and a humid environment. This variety is planted in autumn because it gives it the opportunity to spread its shoots in the warm soil. It can be planted in sunny but also shady places because this variety is very undemanding.
The Red Pearl requires a relatively large amount of water. However, it is very robust and can survive for several days without water in an emergency, provided the soil is slightly damp. The plant should not dry out completely. In contrast to other varieties, this cranberry plant does not have to be cut back. It can easily stay outside in winter because it is very frost-resistant.
The cranberry Red Pearl grows vigorously and relatively quickly. An annual increase of 15-20 centimeters is expected. It is only about 20 centimeters high, but reaches a width of about 80 centimeters
The taste of the Red Pearl differs from other varieties, because the fruits taste mild and tart and tart. Since the fruits do not have an intense taste, they are often used to make jams or jellies.