Magnificent spars conjure up a real eye-catcher in the garden with their unusual appearance and bright colors. The approximately 50 species are also very easy to care for.© tinadefortunata - Fotolia.com
Magnificent spars (Astilbe) form a genus of perennial plants within the saxifrage family (Saxifragaceae). Your great advantage for garden owners is the minimal light requirement of the plants. Even the most deserted and darkest corners breathe new life with their filigree inflorescences in white, pink or red.
Appearance of flowers and leaves
The flowers of the magnificent spars grow in panicles. Their length varies from less than five to ten centimeters. Most splendid spars have pink, violet or red flowers, but some varieties such as the splendid spar 'Germany' bloom in brilliant white. The overall impression of the flowers is delicate and delicate. The same applies to the multi-divided, nicely serrated and sometimes finely hairy leaves of the plants.
Species, varieties and growth
Almost 50 different species belong to the genus Sparrow, of which Astilbe japonica, Astilbe thunbergii, Astilbe chinensis and representatives of the hybrid group Astilbe arendsii are particularly common in Germany. The basic requirements of all types of light, water, nutrients and temperature are the same or sufficiently similar. Representatives of different species can therefore be cultivated together without any problems.
Magnificent spars grow as perennials that can take an upright and compact or a loose and bulging shape. Almost all splendor spars are clumping. Varieties of the species Astilbe japonica and Astilbe chinensis reach stature heights of between 30 and 50 centimeters, while the species belonging to Astilbe thunbergii can often reach a full meter. The hybrid splendor spars can even reach 120 centimeters.
Important planting information© ClaraNila - Fotolia.com
A shady location is the be-all and end-all, so that magnificent spars feel good and thrive splendidly. In addition, high humidity and a rather cool ambient temperature are ideal. Under no circumstances may splendor spars be left in the blazing sun for a long time.
There are hardly any limits to the garden owner with regard to the locations. Magnificent spars are used as bedding plants and to limit woody plants as well as as group trees in the open. They can be planted in the rock garden or at the edge of the pond and also look great in borders and tubs.
The soil should be moist, loose and nutritious. In the case of sandy or loamy subsoil, peat, compost, humus but also common garden soil successfully help.
Magnificent spars have a high water requirement and must be watered regularly. Rainwater is more suitable for this than calcareous tap water.
Magnificent spars have a low tolerance for lime. Once a year, preferably in the spring, splendid spars should be supplied with fertilizer. A high content of nitrate and potassium is important. It is advisable not to use fertilizers with a lot of nitrogen.