Those who plant bush beans in the garden have relatively little work. A certain amount of preparation is required before you can harvest the crispy vegetables.© DoraZett - Fotolia.com
This year we had to wait a long time before the temperatures finally climbed into the double-digit range. It was rather frosty until the end of March, now in May spring seems to have finally arrived. Garden enthusiasts will already be in the starting blocks to finally get started.
May is the ideal month to get your garden in shape. But before we can enjoy a lavish floral display or the first vegetables are ready for harvest, we have to roll up our sleeves. Gardening that occurs in spring is really plentiful. The small summary from Homeday provides a good overview. But I explicitly picked the bush bean here. Planting and caring for the broad bean is not as difficult as you might think and therefore ideal for beginners.
Before you decide on a particular variety (more on that later), find a suitable place in your garden. Bush beans like it warm, so a sunny bed is perfect - but partial shade works just as well. As far as the soil is concerned, bush beans are quite undemanding. However, the earth should not be lumpy or crusty. So it is best to go through with the hoe before sowing, remove the weeds and loosen the soil.Bush beans & runner beans - what's the difference?
If you look closely, you will see the difference in the name. Bush beans do not need a “scaffold” to grow. There are low plants growing in bush form, whereas the runner beans need a climbing aid.
Bush beans: popular varieties
You have probably already used the expression "I don't care about the bean". Disinterest and irrelevance are to be expressed in the same way as minstrel Walther von der Vogelweide did. Even if the proverb is still in use, the bush bean is anything but irrelevant these days. Here are just a few, but very popular varieties and their characteristics.
|Adriana (broad bean)|
|Aramis (Kidney Bean)|
|Berggold (broad bean)|
|Borlotto Rosso (Kidney Bean)|
|Cupidon (broad bean)|
|Delinel (broad bean)|
|Filetty (broad bean)|
|Ferrari (broad bean)|
|Helios (broad bean)|
|Hildora (broad bean)|
|Jutta (broad bean)|
|La Victoire (broad bean)|
|Maxi (broad bean)|
|Nassau (broad bean)|
|Saxa (broad bean)|
Planting Bush Beans - Instructions
Correctly one has to say that bush beans are not planted but planted. Exception: You preferred or bought the beans yourself. The soil must not be too cold, so start sowing in the middle of May at the earliest.
- Prepare the rows and make a hole about every 25 - 30 cm (row spacing).
- The planting depth is 3 cm, maximum 5 cm.
- You can now plant individual seeds or choose the eyrie variant (3 seeds in one place).
- Cover the bean seeds lightly with soil, otherwise they may not grow.
Extra tip for the impatient:
If you put the beans in water a day before planting, they will germinate faster.
Care tips for bush beans© Fotoschlick - Fotolia.com
To keep the soil nice and loose, use the hoe to move between rows several times during the growth phase. But be careful: think of the roots! If the stem of the plant is clearly visible, it is advisable to pile the bush beans. This is not a must, but it gives the plant a better hold. As soon as the first flowers sprout, bush beans need plenty of water - so water regularly.
Harvest bush beans
After about 2 to 3 months you will be paid for your work. You can tell when the right time is from the thickness of the sleeves. Harvest bush beans before thick grains form. The bean pods are simply snapped off, you do not need any tools. Regular clipping is also very good for the further harvest, because this way new fruit sets can form.