Multiply hawthorn - 4 options explained in detail


Anyone wanting to multiply their hawthorn has no easy task ahead of them. In principle, there are 4 options that differ significantly in their level of difficulty.

© Elke Hötzel - Fotolia.com

There are several ways to reproduce hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata). Not all methods are recommended for the hobby gardener, but we will take care of the problem anyway, since the hawthorn is becoming more and more popular in private gardens. Hawthorn is found as a shrub, but it is also planted to green streets. If you own a hawthorn and want to reproduce it, you have the following options:

  • finishing
  • seed
  • root suckers
  • cuttings

The finishing - belongs in professional hands

The hawthorn is usually refined on hawthorn. The refinement itself is complex, requires some gardening skills and will probably be of less interest to the layperson.

The technology itself is ancient. It has been proven that fruit trees were ennobled by the Phoenicians in pre-Christian times. Refinement is always used when seed propagation appears difficult. It is usually refined by grafting behind the bark.

The propagation by seeds - a matter of luck

Propagation by seeds can be described as a matter of luck in two ways. The hawthorn seed is very difficult to obtain. There is a good reason for this, because fruits rarely form on the hawthorn. The bright red fruits are an ornament in autumn, but actually only appear on the double-hawthorn. If you are lucky enough to have hawthorn seeds, you should dry them over winter and can bring them directly into the ground in summer.

Note: The hawthorn seed has a very low germination capacity.

Waiting for the seedlings becomes a game of patience, because it can take several months for the first shoot tips to appear.

Propagation by root runners - simple and common

A simple and promising method of propagation has been found with the roots. The hobby gardener does not have to do much here, just wait until the first runners show up.

These foothills initially run underground, but they become visible at the latest when small plants grow out of the ground. The stolon is initially left on the mother plant so that it develops accordingly. Only sufficiently large and vigorous root runners will develop into healthy and growth-friendly plants.

How to proceed with root propagation?

❶ Leave the root runners on the mother plant first
❷ Separate appropriately developed runners from the mother plant
❸ Plant and cultivate foothills at the desired location

The root runners should have reached a size of about 15 to 20 centimeters before they are separated from the mother plant, excavated over a large area and replanted.

Propagation by cuttings - it is worth a try

The propagation of cuttings is not one of the common methods of propagating hawthorn. Nevertheless, hobby gardeners can report successful attempts. Propagation by cuttings is a simple and inexpensive method that every plant lover should try.

What you have to do

❶ Cut the cutting
❷ Remove leaves from the lower area of ​​the cutting
❸ Put the cuttings in a plant pot
❹ Keep the cutting evenly moist
Aus- Transplant or transplant cuttings after rooting

Cutting cuttings is fairly easy. You choose an older shoot that is already slightly woody. This rooted better than soft, young shoots. The length of the cutting should be about 15 to 20 centimeters. To prevent the leaves from rotting later in the soil, remove them from the lower area of ​​the cutting.

Tip: Also remove all flower roots, these cost the cutting valuable power that it needs for rooting.

It is important that the cutting has some leaf nodes. Where the leaves grew in advance, the roots will develop later.

The propagation of cuttings is a simple and promising method to grow several young plants, for example to create a hedge.

Now the cutting is placed in a planter filled with growing soil. The soil should appear moist, but not wet, because waterlogging is also a danger for the cutting. In a rather shady location, the cuttings can spend the winter frost-free in the house. They root quite well at temperatures around eight degrees. The plants must be checked during this time. If the root penetrated the planter, it was probably too small and must be replaced. In spring, the plants can then be brought to their desired location outdoors.

Red hawthorn - all methods at a glance

Type of propagationbenefitsdisadvantage
finishing▶ Finishing is a promising and very old method.
▶ Hawthorn is mainly refined on hawthorn.
▶ The method is hardly feasible without horticultural expertise and belongs in experienced hands.
sowing▶ Sowing is an uncomplicated method that even laypeople can do well.
▶ The seed can be brought forward in the room.
▶ This gives the plant a head start in growth.
▶ The hawthorn rarely forms seeds.
▶ The fruit formation is actually peculiar to the double-hawthorn.
▶ The seeds are accordingly difficult to find in stores.
▶ The seeds are not only rare, they also have a very low germination rate.
root suckers▶ The hobby gardener can let nature run and wait until root runners have formed.
▶ The foothills have a good growth guarantee.
▶ A well-developed plant is required.
▶ The root runners must not be separated from the mother plant too early.
cuttings▶ The propagation of cuttings is a proven method in horticulture.
▶ Several plants can be grown without great effort.
▶ The cuttings often have poor roots.
▶ Patience is required until independent young plants develop.